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Journal of Food Resource Science
Year: 2015  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 73 - 81

Proliferation of Illegal and Potentially Hazardous Food Additives in Processed and Packaged Foods in Africa: A Case Study and Hazard Identification in Ghana

Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba    

Abstract: In the developed countries, a lot of researches have been carried out on the effects of food additives on consumers but few studies have been reported in Africa and particularly Ghana. The objective of the study was to survey labels of processed and packaged foods in Ghana and document all the potentially harmful food additives in processed and packaged foods in some Ghanaian food products. We purchased 63 processed and packaged food products from the Ghanaian market and documented food additives on their labels as well as trade name, type of food, company name, country of origin and whether the Ghana Food and Drugs Authority (GFDA) certified them. Thirty seven percent of all the products sampled on the market were not registered with the GFDA. Seventy one percent of all the products sampled contained one or more additives that are likely to cause adverse reactions when consumed. The general public is at risk of consuming potentially hazardous food additives. There is the need for a research to determine whether the levels of additives are above the recommended acceptable daily intake proposed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA).

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