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Journal of Fisheries International
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 7 - 11

The Role of Aquatic Bodies in Avifauna and Fish Conservation in Pandam Wildlife Park., Pandam, Plateau State, Nigeria

C. Akosim, B.T. Kwaga, B. Umar and G.S. Mamman    

Abstract: This study investigated the role of 2 perennial aquatic bodies (Lake Pandam and Kurmi stream) in the conservation of avifauna and fish in Pandam Wildlife Park. Kurmi stream is the major tributary to Lake Pandam. A combination of variable transect and synchronous sighting methods were used for avifauna census while the fish landing of licensed fishermen was used in determining fish diversity of Lake Pandam. Physical and chemical characteristics of the two water bodies were determined. Results obtained showed that 29 avifauna species were observed on the Lake and its shores. Each bird population varied significantly (p< 0.05) between seasons. The white-face-tree duck (592.67469.18) was the most abundant bird species and it occurred throughout the year on the Lake and its shore. A total of 29 fish species grouped into eighteen families were harvested from the Lake and listed. Tilapia galilaea (0.3673), Tilapia zilli (0.2824), Tilapia nilotica (0.2368), Heterotus niloticus (0.2824) and Citharinus citherus (0.2019) made the highest contribution to the diversity index of fish species in Lake Pandam. Significant (p< 0.05) variation occurred in the total hardness, nitrate, bicarbonate, magnesium manganese and fluoride concentrations of the two water bodies.

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