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Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 411 - 417

Social Status of Nile Tilapia Hatchery Fish-farmers at Maninjau Lake Areas, Indonesia

Hafrijal Syandri, Elfiondri, Ainul Mardiah and Azrita    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Maninjau lake is one of the priority lake in Indonesia who need to be save because it has an important economics value. The study was to survey the social status of Nile tilapia hatchery fish-farmers at Maninjau lake areas. Methodology: The purposive sampling was used in this study. The interview method using questionnaire form to obtain some information from 49 Nile tilapia fish-farmers in seven villages. The seven villages were divided into three areas which involved the aquaculture zone at Maninjau lake area. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics method. Results: The majority of fish-farmer was male farmer (84.31%) with age ranged from 41-50 years old. Fish-farmer which has 4-6 person in a family was 46.93%. About 67.34% of fish-farmer has education level as senior high school graduate. Approximately 53.06% of annual income of Nile tilapia fish-farmers were above IDR 22000000. About 63.26% of fish-farmers activity was Nile tilapia aquiculture and rice agriculture. However, only 26.53% people working as Nile tilapia fish-farmers. About 77.55% of Nile tilapia fish-farmers got information to do Nile tilapia aquiculture from their friends and fellows farmers. About 36.37% of fish-farmer doing Nile tilapia hatchery due to business reasons. About 46.94% of fish-farmers obtained their brood stock from private hatchery. Meanwhile, about 91.83% of fish-farmers stated that poor quality brood stock as the major constraints of finger lings production. Conclusion: Nile tilapia hatchery activities at Maninjau lake plays an important role to increase Nile tilapia fish-farmers income.

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