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Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Year: 2019  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 981 - 986

Early-Age Marriage and the Impact of Health Reproduction Women

Rosmala Nur, Anwar Mallongi, Indah P. Kiyai Demak, Fadliah, Elli B. Yane, Nurhaya S. Patui, Marselina, H. Muhammad Rusydi, Muhammad Asep Dwitama and R. Erina Thursina    

Abstract: Early-age marriage is one of the factors affecting women reproductive health such as bleeding, low birth weight, premature, miscarriage and unwanted pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences of social demographic characteristics of early-age marriage with early unmarried, the impact of early-age marriage on women’s reproductive health and realations between early-age marriage with women’s reproductive health. The study conducted in the work area of the Tinggede Community Health Centers (CHC) in three villages namely: Sunju, Tinggede and Tinggede Selatan. Research target was all pregnant mothers and have children under 2 years of age with number 180 people. The survey used data collection techniques, interviews, observations and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Data analysis used Chi-square. The result showed that 106 respondents 58.8% married early (≤20 years) and did not married early (≥21 years) as many as 41.2%. Respondents who married early on average had a low educational level only up to junior high school (42.6%), most of respondents were housewives 84.9%, respondents who had children ≥3 (60.3%). In addition, respondents who not married early had high school education 48.6, work 37.9% and had an average of ≤2 children 83.8%. Early marriage affects women’s reproductive health disorders such as infection, bleeding, LBW, prematurity, fever/seizures, miscarriage, no contraception and unwanted pregnancies. These impacts are at risk for maternal and infant deaths directly. A significant relationship of early marriage with reproductive health disorder of woman with value p = 0.001. The conclusion was early-age marriage had an impact on reproductive health disorder which resulted in increasing maternal and infant mortality, especially in Tinggede Village, Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. Socialization of the importance of ideal marriage age and women reproductive health needed.

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