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Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 2693 - 2696

Synthesis and Characterization of Biocomposite Super Absorbent Polymer (SAP) Based on Aren Fiber (Arenga pinnata Merr) and Polyacrylamida (PAM) for Dry Land

Supriyanto and Muhammad Iqbal Gifari    

Abstract: The biocomposite which is both cellulose in waste of aren fiber (Arenga pinnata Merr) and Polyacrilamida (PAM) can be used to synthesis Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP). The characterization of SAP was studies. It includes determination of functional group by FTIR (Fourier Transfer Infra Red) spectrophotometer, the ability water absorption (swelling factor). The effectiveness of a fraction transplants (grafting) and endurance SAP in store water. The method compromises cellulose preparation with hydrolysis, using of electron beam machine to SAP production and SAP purification. The FTIR spectrophotometer result shows which the dominant functional groups are O-H, C-H and C=O. Meanwhile, the levels of cellulose, grafting factor and swelling ratio are 66.90, 64.20 and 899.83%, respectively. In addition depreciation factor SAP can keep the 50% for 2 days and 20% for 2 weeks.

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