Composition of the Phlebotomine Fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae), in Isfahan City, Central Iran: First Record of Sergentomyia baghdadis, S. clydei and S. dentata
The aim of the present research was to determine the sand fly composition. The investigation was carried out from May to the end of November 2005 in this city of Isfahan, Central Iran. Sand flies were collected biweekly from indoors and outdoors using sticky paper traps. Sand flies were preserved, mounted and identified according to the conventional methods. In total, 2074 sand flies specimens were collected and identified. The following 10 species were found in Isfahan city. Among them, this is the first record of Sergentomyia baghdadis, S. clydei and S. dentata for Isfahan city. Most probably, Phlebotomus sergenti is the vector as 49.2% of indoor and 52.6% of total sand flies were of this species. If the present situation for breeding of the vector are changed (example setting up big gardens in different parts of the city and so forth) and the human with urban active lesions become spread therefore leishmaniasis probably become epidemic in this city.
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