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Journal of Cell Science
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 122  |  Issue: 13  |  Page No.: 2191 - 2196

A new mechanism of SOX9 action to regulate PKC{alpha} expression in the intestine epithelium

S Dupasquier, R Abdel Samad, R. I Glazer, P Bastide, P Jay, D Joubert, V Cavailles, P Blache and C. Quittau Prevostel    

Abstract:

Variations of protein kinase C (PKC) expression greatly influence the proliferation-to-differentiation transition (PDT) of intestinal epithelial cells and might have an important impact on intestinal tumorigenesis. We demonstrate here that the expression of PKC in proliferating intestinal epithelial cells is repressed both in vitro and in vivo by the SOX9 transcription factor. This repression does not require DNA binding of the SOX9 high-mobility group (HMG) domain but is mediated through a new mechanism of SOX9 action requiring the central and highly conserved region of SOXE members. Because SOX9 expression is itself upregulated by Wnt-APC signaling in intestinal epithelial cells, the present study points out this transcription factor as a molecular link between the Wnt-APC pathway and PKC. These results provide a potential explanation for the decrease of PKC expression in colorectal cancers with constitutive activation of the Wnt-APC pathway.

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