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Journal of Clinical Lipidology

Year: 2012  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 382 - 387

Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is associated more closely with albuminuria in Chinese type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal function, compared with traditional lipid parameters

Jiemin Pan, Fei Gao, Yuqian Bao, Lei Zhang, Yinfang Tu and Weiping Jia



Urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) is a remarkable index reflecting the progression of kidney disease in diabetic subjects. The link between UAER and lipid metabolism is still unclear. The correlation of Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) to albuminuria has been investigated. The National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III recommends that clinicians consider non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-c) as a surrogate marker for ApoB.


We sought to evaluate the relationship of UAER with lipid profile, especially with non-HDL-c in type 2 diabetic patients without renal dysfunction.


A total of 507 type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal function participated in this study. Demographic and anthropometric data were collected; 24-hour urine samples were collected for UAER measurement. Blood samples were collected for lipid parameters and HbA1c measurement.


The patients with albuminuria had greater levels of non-HDL-c and ApoB. The frequencies of albuminuria among the four quartiles of lipid parameters, ie, triglycerides, total cholesterol, non-HDL-c, and ApoB, demonstrated significantly linearly increasing (P for trend <.01). After adjustment, UAER was significantly correlated with total cholesterol, triglycerides, ApoB, and non-HDL-c but not with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) or lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)]. Stepwise regression analysis showed that age (β = .255, P = .000), systolic blood pressure (β = .261, P = .000), non-HDL-c (β = .164, P = .000), and duration of diabetes (β = .105, P = .024) were independently correlated with UAER in diabetic patients without renal dysfunction.


Compared with the lipid parameters of total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c, ApoB, Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), and Lp(a), non-HDL-c was more closely associated with albuminuria in Chinese type 2 diabetic patients without impaired renal function.

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