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Journal of Clinical Lipidology

Year: 2010  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 265 - 271

Nonoptimal high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels are highly prevalent in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes and well-controlled low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels

Erika M. Felix-Getzik, Jeffrey T. Kuvin and Richard H. Karas

Abstract

Background

Low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. For this study, nonoptimal HDL-C is defined as less than 40 mg/dL for male patients and less than 50 mg/dL for female patients. Even when low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-HDL-C goals are met, significant risk for subsequent cardiovascular events remains in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Objective

This study is a prospective, observational study to determine the prevalence of low HDL-C levels in 250 consecutive patients presenting with ACS who have well-controlled LDL-C levels.

Methods

This was an institutional review board-approved, prospective, observational study in which we evaluated consecutive patients admitted to the adult general cardiology service with a diagnosis of ACS.

Results

One hundred nine (44%) patients had LDL-C levels less than 100 mg/dL on admission. Of those patients, 90 (83%) had a nonoptimal HDL-C. Interestingly, a majority of patients, 94 (86%), had non-HDL-C levels at target. At discharge, approximately one half of eligible patients were started on therapy to increase their HDL-C levels.

Conclusion

In conclusion, nonoptimal HDL-C levels are highly prevalent in patients presenting with ACS and reasonably controlled LDL-C and non-HDL-C levels.

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