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Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 341 - 344

Efficacy and tolerability of multidrug therapy for hypertriglyceridemia

Venkateshwar R. Polsani, Vijay Nambi, Salim S. Virani, Daniele Zoch, Eric Y. Yang, Peter H. Jones and Christie M. Ballantyne    

Abstract:

Background

Although there is clinical evidence for the safety and efficacy of single-drug therapy and some two-drug combinations for the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia, information is limited on the use of more than 2 drugs.

Objective

We evaluated the efficacy and safety of multidrug regimens (≥3 agents) in the management of hypertriglyceridemia.

Methods

The study included 40 individuals in an academic lipid referral clinic with mean follow-up of 1.98 years and an average use of 3.5 medications.

Results

During the study, mean body mass index decreased significantly (P=.0127), from 29.2 kg/m2 to 28.7 kg/m2, and mean hemoglobin A1C showed a trend towards decreasing (P=.06), from 7.9% to 7.2% in patients with diabetes (n=17). All lipid parameters decreased significantly: total cholesterol level decreased significantly from (mean±SD) 334.3±282.9 mg/dL to 183.8±54.8 mg/dL (P=.001, mean reduction of 45%), mean (± SD) triglyceride level decreased significantly from 1900.9±4576.8 mg/dL to 300.7±372.2 mg/dL (P=.02), median (range) triglyceride level decreased from 599 (242-28,550) mg/dL to 301 (40-1960) mg/dL (P < .001, mean reduction of 50%), and mean (± SD) non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly from 189.9±131.6 mg/dL to 138.4±49.1 mg/dL (P=.014, mean reduction of 27%). There were no serious adverse effects (rhabdomyolysis or increased liver function tests >3 times upper limit of normal).

Conclusion

In a 2-year follow-up of 40 individuals on multidrug therapy (average of 3.5 drugs) for severe hypertriglyceridemia, combination therapy was efficacious and well tolerated.

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