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Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 20  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 6

A Female Wistar Rats Model for Assessing the in vivo Protective Role of Scoparia dulcis on Liver, Kidney and Brain

A.Y. Coulibaly, J.H. Bationo, Fatouma Mohamed Abdoul-Latif, Bakasso Sahabi and M. Kiendrebeogo    

Abstract: Background and objectives: Scoparia dulcis is a medicinal herb traditionally used to relieve dementia disorders in Burkina Faso. A female Wistar rats model was used against hydroacetonic extract of Scoparia dulcis to assess the effect of neuroprotective, hepatoprotective and renoprotective. Materials and Methods: The rats were divided into 5 groups with 6 animals/group. Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC, 0.5%) was used as vehicle to treat the animals by oral route with silymarin or the plant extract. Seven days later, they were intoxicated by intra-peritoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride (2 mL kg1) for 24 h. Then blood, brain, kidney and liver were taken for further analysis. Results: It resulted on a neuroprotective effect noted by an increase in acetylcholinesterase level, a hepatoprotective effect was also registered with a significant decrease in triglycerides, cholesterol, alanine amino-transferase (ALT), aspartate amino-transferase (AST), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA). The renoprotective potential was marked by a decrease of urea, uric acid and creatinine. Conclusions: Scoparia dulcis can be a suitable candidate for investigation of neuroprotective agents.

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