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Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2018  |  Volume: 18  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 201 - 207

Effect of Chemical Modification of Jabon Wood (Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.) on Morphological Structure and Dimensional Stability

Anne Hadiyane, Rudi Dungani, Susana Paulina Dewi and Alfi Rumidatul    

Abstract: Background and Objective: The chemical modification of wood was a chemical reaction between some reactive parts of wood components and a simple chemical reagent to form a covalent bond between both wood and chemical reagent. The utilization of jabon wood has long been done by the people of Indonesia. Jabon wood (Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.) is used for building materials, having quality of wood is not good such as dimensional stability. This study was to find out the effect of treatment of wood with styrene monomer using methyl methacrylamide in change in morphology structure and dimensional change. Materials and Methods: Jabon wood was impregnated with a styrene and methyl methacrylate to a strain of 50%. The changes in cell structure were analyzed to determine the effects of the treatment. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was used to determine the change in microfibril angle (MFA), preferred orientation of fiber (PO) and wood crystallinity (WC). Samples between the tangential sections were used for density measurement, as determined by the American Standard Testing and Material (ASTM) D2395 method. Furthermore, dimensional stability of the samples were calculated according to standard. Results: The wood density and volumetric swelling coefficient (SC) after modification of jabon wood showed a range of variation. The value of MFA in modified wood decreased significantly compared with the control. Wood modification results in an increase in the crystallinity. Cellulose crystallinity is reduced after impregnation, because the monomer groups interact with the groups in the volume of wood and occupy a larger space in the wood. Conclusion: The impregnation increased the dimensional stability of jabon wood (density and specific gravity).

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