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Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 9  |  Issue: 8  |  Page No.: 788 - 795

A New Alternative for Plant Breeding, Biodiversity and Environmental Sustainability: Apomictics

Hakan Ulukan    

Abstract: Aim of this study is to explain of the apomixes, utilization in the plant breeding and to indicate its importance in terms of biodiversity and environmental sustainability. Etymologically, apomixis comes from the Greek apo (= away from) and mixis (= act of mixing). Botanically, apomixis is a kind of biological reproduction process without fertilization and meiotic division. These types of plants produce with genetically identical seeds to their female parent. It is uncommon in the wild and rare in cultivated crops. If it is possible to exploit or harness this type of reproduction, then produce new cultivars more quickly and cheaply. Similarly, the breeding process will be significantly accelerated in related seed companies, furthermore, farmers and growers would be able to reduce costs in their production input/s in terms of, for example, the purchase of hybrid seed, time saving and the size of labor force, etc. or reach a maximum yield potential level. In spite of the many potential advantages, according to some researchers the development of commercial apomictics is making slow progress. However, other research from a multidisciplinary approach to apomictics indicates that all potential obstacles could be overcome in commercial production in the near future. With this contribution, thousand million persons who dye from hungry could be saved and their basic and vital requirements could be met.

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