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Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 482 - 485

Schistosomiasis among Farmers and Fisherman in the West Part of Burkina Faso (West Africa)

D. Zongo, B.G. Kabre, J.N. Poda and D. Dianou    

Abstract: A comparative study was conducted from October to December 2005 in two different epidemiological settings for schistosomiasis in the West of Burkina Faso. The first area of study, the Panamasso, village is characterized by the presence of a river of low flow. In this area, farming is the main activity of the population. The second area of study, the villages of Bala and Bossora, is characterized by the presence of a permanent pond. The area is also known as the pond of hippopotamus. Fishing is the main activity of the area. The study conducted in these area revealed that transmission of schistosomiasis depend mainly on three factors: The distance separating the habitat from the contaminated zones, the level of infestation and the type of activity practiced by the population. The prevalence of S. mansoni was high among farmers (39.06%) than fisher (16.35%). These results were significant depending on the prevalence of S. mansoni. The pond in the village of Panamasso is infested with molluscs, particularly Biomphalaria pfeifferi. The study also revealed the presence of S. haematobium and other parasites (ankylostome, Himenolepis nana, Entamoeba hystolytica, Entamoeba coli) in the area of study.

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