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The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 283  |  Issue: 20  |  Page No.: 13799 - 13805

cAMP Inhibits Cell Migration by Interfering with Rac-induced Lamellipodium Formation`

Lin Chen, J. Jillian Zhang and Xin- Yun Huang    

Abstract: Cell migration is critical for animal development and physiological as well as pathological responses. One important step during cell migration is the formation of lamellipodia at the leading edge of migrating cells. Here we report that the second messenger cAMP inhibits the migration of mouse embryonic fibroblast cells and mouse breast tumor cells. cAMP acts downstream of the small GTPase Rac and interferes with the formation of lamellipodia. Moreover, cAMP decreases the phosphorylation of the myosin light chain at the leading edge of cells and increases the phosphorylation of the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein. Together with our previous report of a positive role of another second messenger, cGMP, in lamellipodium formation, our data indicate that cAMP and cGMP play opposite roles in modulating lamellipodium formation.

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