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The Journal of Biochemistry
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 148  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 35 - 46

Characterization of rice nucleotide sugar transporters capable of transporting UDP-galactose and UDP-glucose

J Seino, K Ishii, T Nakano, N Ishida, M Tsujimoto, Y Hashimoto and S. Takashima    

Abstract:

Using the basic local alignment search tool (BLAST) algorithm to search the Oryza sativa (Japanese rice) nucleotide sequence databases with the Arabidopsis thaliana UDP-galactose transporter sequences as queries, we found a number of sequences encoding putative O. sativa UDP-galactose transporters. From these, we cloned four putative UDP-galactose transporters, designated OsUGT1, 2, 3 and 4, which exhibited high sequence similarity with Arabidopsis thaliana UDP-galactose transporters. OsUGT1, 2, 3 and 4 consisted of 350, 337, 345 and 358 amino acids, respectively, and all of these proteins were predicted to have multiple transmembrane domains. To examine the UDP-galactose transporter activity of the OsUGTs, we introduced the OsUGTs’ expression vectors into UDP-galactose transporter activity-deficient Lec8 cells. Our results showed that transfection with OsUGT1, 2 and 3 resulted in recovery of the deficit phenotype of Lec8 cells, but transfection with OsUGT4 did not. The results of an in vitro nucleotide sugar transport assay of OsUGTs, carried out with a yeast expression system, suggested that OsUGT4 is a UDP-glucose transporter rather than a UDP-galactose transporter. Although plants have multiple UDP-galactose transporter genes, phylogenic analysis indicates that plant UDP-galactose transporter genes are not necessarily evolutionary related to each other.

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