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The Journal of Biochemistry
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 146  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 273 - 282

Activation of a Membrane-Bound Serine Protease Matriptase on the Cell Surface

Y Miyake, M Yasumoto, S Tsuzuki, T Fushiki and K. Inouye    

Abstract:

Matriptase is a type II transmembrane serine protease. The activation (i.e. conversion of the single-chain pro-form to the disulphide-linked-two-chain active form) of this enzyme is known to occur via a mechanism requiring its catalytic triad. We reported previously that the activated enzyme was produced in the conditioned medium when full-length rat matriptase was expressed in monkey kidney COS-1 cells. The present study aimed to address when and where the matriptase activation occurs. COS-1 cells expressing matriptase were labelled with a membrane-impermeable biotin derivative and then solubilized with Triton. Both activated and non-activated matriptase molecules were detected in the avidin precipitants of Triton extracts, whereas only the non-activated molecules were detected in the flow-through fraction of avidin-precipitation procedure. Single-chain matriptase has been thought to have an inherent activity. Indeed, a secreted single-chain variant of recombinant matriptase bearing mutation at the activation-cleavage site was found to exhibit the activity in hydrolyzing a synthetic peptide substrate at pH 7.5. However, the variant had little activity at pH 5.5, as found in the lumen of post-Golgi secretory vesicles. Altogether, it is concluded that the activation of matriptase may occur when the enzyme reaches the cell surface.

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