DNA Based Diagnosis of Canine Bacterial Diseases
Idress Hamad Attitalla
In current era pets are important part of the social life. Moreover, increased use of animal assisted therapies in treatment of people with special needs gives a glimpse of their beneficial role in future. Dogs are one of the commonly adopted animals as pet and more often develops an intimate relation with their owners. Hence, chances of disease transfer from dogs to humans are high. In this review some important bacterial diseases of dogs are discussed with respect to their DNA based diagnosis. PCR was found to be effective for detection of diseases in most of the cases. To distinguish between pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains of an organism, combination of PCR with other DNA based diagnostic techniques like Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), found to be effective. In future continuous efforts are required to devise new methods for rapid detection of these pathogens.