Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Journal of Applied Sciences
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 1355 - 1358

Analysis of the Chemical Compositions and Fiber Morphology of Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Leaves in Malaysia

Zawawi Daud, Mohd Zainuri Mohd Hatta, Angzzas Sari Mohd Kassim and Ashuvila Mohd Aripin    

Abstract: Malaysia relies on agriculture as one of its economy sector. Unavoidably, abundance quantity of agro wastes is produced at every harvesting season. With proper planning and management, the agro waste material can benefit to many production industries. The studied crop is pineapple (Ananas comosus) leaves. This agro waste material has a high potential to become an alternative fiber in paper making industry. The objective of this study is to analyse the chemical compositions of pineapple leaves and to investigate the fiber morphology properties of pineapple leaves fiber. The chemical compositions of fiber were analyzed by TAPPI Test method, Chlorination method and Kurschner-Hoffner method. Chemical compositions analysed are Cellulose (Kurschner-Hoffner), Holocellulose (Chlorination method), Hemicellulose (Chlorination method), Ash content (T211-om-93), Lignin content (T222-om-98) and Sodium Hydroxide solubility (T203-om-88). Results indicate pineapple leaves have a high Holocellulose content (85.7%), followed by Cellulose (66.2%) and Hemicellulose (19.5%) content. Lignin content is the lowest (4.2%) compared to other chemical compositions in this study. Pineapple leaves morphology was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) which showed a condensed composition of fiber structure. The chemical compositions and morphology study of pineapple leaves indicate that it is suitable to be used as an alternative pulp in paper making industry, promoting the green technology.

Cited References   |    Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
  Related Articles

Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility