Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Journal of Applied Sciences
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 462 - 470

Friction Reduction in Compressed Natural Gas Direct Injection Engine using Piston Rings with Diffusion Chromium Coating

S. Abdullah, E. Adril, A. Muchtar and A.K. Ariffin    

Abstract: In order to combat dry lubrication occurred in the combustion chamber of a compressed natural gas direct injection engine, the piston or piston rings have to be equipped with measures to address this boundary lubrication issue. Hence, the aim of the study is to address the issue which can minimize sliding friction in the combustion chamber between the piston ring and the cylinder liner. To solve this problem, the wear resistance level toward friction for piston ring during its interaction with the cylinder liner was enhanced using diffusion coating technique. The piston ring is made of ASSAB DF-3 steel and several substances such as 0.9% carbon (C), 0.85% chromium (Cr), 96.6% ferric (Fe), 1.2% manganese (Mn) and 0.55% titanium. The chemical substance which is used for the diffusion process are the mixture of three substances i.e., chromium, ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3). The piston ring together with the chromium mixtures were heated at different periods of time. In order to improve friction and wear, the piston ring which is coated with 99.5% chromium dust using a diffusion coating technique yields higher hardness compared to the original piston ring due to its resistance toward wear. The hardness depends on the time maintained during heating. Furthermore, it was also shown that the modified piston ring led to better reduction in coefficient of friction as well as less weight loss due to wear. These characteristics can result in better endurance during engine operation and prevent damage due to lubrication failure.

Cited References   |    Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
   
 
 
 
  Related Articles

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility