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Journal of Applied Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 9  |  Issue: 15  |  Page No.: 2762 - 2769

Removal of Heavy Metal from Contaminated Water by Biopolymer Crab Shell Chitosan

M.S. Rana, M.A. Halim, S. Safiullah, M. Mamun Mollah, M.S. Azam, M.A. Goni, M. Kamal Hossain and M.M. Rana    

Abstract: The study focuses on potential of using crab shell chitosan as a low-cost biosorbent, for heavy metals removal from aqueous solutions in an adsorption filtration system. Chitosan was synthesized from chitin by the treatment of strong alkali solution under reflux condition and chitin was extracted from crab shell followed by decalcification and deproteinization treatment. Spectrometric (AA and UV) method was employed to detect the heavy metals concentration. Prepared 10 mg L-1 solutions of zinc, lead, cadmium, cobalt, nickel, chromium, manganese and iron were passed through the 5 g of chitosan separately and it was found that chitosan was excellent adsorbent in removing mentioned heavy metals. The removal efficiency of chitosan was in the following order Mn>Cd>Zn>Co>Ni>Fe>Pb>Cr. The result also showed that the time required for 100% breakthrough of prepared chitosan for Mn and Zn was approximately 27 and 23 h whereas it was only 16 h for both Cr and Pb, respectively. The research revealed that prepared chitosan showed better removal performance for Mn, Cd, Zn whereas the removal efficiency was satisfactory for Co, Ni and Fe but it exhibited relatively least performance for Pb and Cr.

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