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Journal of Applied Sciences

Year: 2008  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 24  |  Page No.: 4679 - 4683

The Association of Serum Zinc Levels with Socio Demographic Factors, Red and White Blood Cells Count in Pregnant Women

P. Hanachi, S. Golkho and M. Norrozi

Abstract

This study was done to identify the relation of demographic factors , Zn > 70 and < 70 mg dL-1 in pregnant women with, red and white blood cells count (RBC, WBC) in 22 weeks of gestation. The pregnant women selected from Reproductive Research Center, Imam Hospital in Tehran, Iran. The subjects selected were recruited into the study after obtaining informed consent. A questionnaire was filled by participant in this study. Sixty five pregnant women were randomly selected after analyze their serum Zn level, divided 2 group with Zn > 70 and < 70 mg dL-1 both group were consist from viewpoint of age, social economic situation and BMI. The blood serum samples were analyzed to assess zinc status and antioxidant and Hb, RBC, WBC. The results of this study revealed that, the pregnant women had mean age of 20.5 ±3.6, with first pregnancy 22.3 ±3.53 age, BMI 23.2 ± 5.52. About 32.6% of them had high school and 56.8% had diploma and only 10.6% had university education. However, none of the socio-demographic factors were significantly associated with the rate of Zn in 2 groups. The mean of zinc in group of Zn < 70 and Zn > 70 was 58.8 ±10.1 and 112.7 ±21.8 mg dL-1, respectively. There was significant (p<0.05) relation in total antioxidant and Zn level in both groups. Micronutrient interactions are particularly important on antioxidant during pregnancy. In view of this, there is need for proper, adequate and balanced micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy to affect a healthy outcome.

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