The Oldest Cervid from the Siwalik Hills of Pakistan
Muhammad Akbar Khan,
Muhammad Anwar Qureshi,
A well-preserved mandibular ramus having M2-3 is collected from Chinji formation of the Siwalik Hills of Pakistan. The fossil material is collected from the Chinji formation. The Chinji Formation is a type locality (Lat. 32°41N: Long. 72°22E) named after Chinji village situated in Chakwal district. The diagnostic features exhibited by the specimen reveal that it belongs to a large species of family Cervidae that is Cervus sivalensis. This dental material of the family Cervidae is reported from late Miocene of the Chinji formation (14.2-11.2 ma). Prior to this, the family Cervidae is reported from Pliocene to Pleistocene (Dhokpathan-Soan formations) only in the Siwaliks of Pakistan. This finding extends the range of the family Cervidae in the Siwaliks of Pakistan from Pleistocene to Miocene times and is a new clue for the evolutionary study of the family Cervidae.
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