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Journal of Applied Sciences
Year: 2006  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 1172 - 1175

Equivalent Scale on Food Consumption in Turkey

Haydar Sengul    

Abstract: This study investigates effect of household composition and size on food consumption in the rural and urban areas of Turkey through equivalence scales that vary by household member age. Food consumption studies on Turkey have tended to ignore the impact of household composition in consumption traditionally analyses of food consumption are conducted on a per capita basis. Equivalence scales were estimated by Engel method using Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES) data of the State Institute of Statistics. This data covers 26,166 households. The results indicate; while household size increases per capita food expenditure decreases in both rural and urban areas of Turkey. They also founded that cost of additional one child is decreasing by children age as going to older. This cost is much lower in rural are than urban area of Turkey. It is frequently stated in the literature of poverty that the level and severity of poverty is higher in rural areas than urban areas. Therefore, the finding of this study shows that in rural areas, the cost of per person for obtaining the certain standard of living is lower than in urban areas in Turkey.

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