Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Journal of Applied Sciences
Year: 2005  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 451 - 454

Suitability of Treated Secondary Sewage Effluent for Irrigation of Horticultural Crops in Botswana

V.E. Emongor, E.B. Khonga, G.M. Ramolemana, K. Marumo, S. Machacha and T. Motsamai    

Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of treated secondary sewage effluent for irrigation of horticultural crops in Botswana. Secondary effluent water was sampled every month for one year, from a breather pipe on the pivot irrigation system at the Botswana College of Agriculture, Notwane Farm, Gaborone, using USEPA procedures and guidelines. The results of the study showed that the secondary sewage effluent from the activated sewage treatment plant in Gaborone had the following physico-chemical properties: Electrical Conductivity (EC) of 0.51 dS m-1, pH 9.08, total dissolved solids of 358 mg L-1, total alkalinity of 234 mg L-1 as CaCO3, Cl-70 mg L-1, NaCl 115 mg L-1, Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) of 2.26, NO3-5.56 mg L-1, NH4+ 0.3 mg L-1, NO2-0.0184 mg L-1, total Fe 0.623 mg L-1 and faecal coliforms of 5/100 mL. The current results suggest that the Gaborone secondary sewage effluent is suitable for unrestricted irrigation of horticultural crops based on the EC, SAR, Cl-, NaCl, faecal coliforms, available plant nutrients and the low concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Cr, Cu, Co, Cd, As and Se all present in parts per billion).

Cited References   |    Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
   
 
 
 
  Related Articles

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility