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Journal of Agronomy
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 13  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 153 - 157

Consequence of Optimum Levels of Fertilizer on Enlargement and Yield of Vegetable Pea Cv. Vl Ageti Matar-7 under Uttarakhand Hills Condition

Abhishek Bahuguna, Bhagat Singh and Sandhya Bahuguna    

Abstract: Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important cash crop and protein source for farmers in many parts of India and other countries. Just about 80% of the nitrogen necessity of pea comes from nitrogen obsession by Rhizobia, be relevant one-half pound of nitrogen per 1000 square foot area at seeding if the soil test shows the N-NO3 level below 5 ppm. This will help ensure nitrogen deficiency does not occur before nitrogen fascination occurs. Rhizobia immunization is muscularly recommended. It is used as foods tuff and the green unripe pods are cooked or conserved as vegetable. Therefore, field experiment was conducted under the field conditions at Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Gairsain Campus, Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry during the winter season on 2013-2014 to find out the optimum levels of fertilizer on growth and yield attributes of vegetable pea, consisting two levels of nitrogen (20 and 40), three levels of phosphorus (30, 60 and 90) and three levels of potash (30, 60 and 90) along with control on vegetable pea in Randomized Block Design with three replications. The seeds were sown at a distance of 30x10 cm in plot size of 3.0x2.5 m in last week of November 2013. Full dose of phosphorus and potash and half dose of nitrogen were applied to each plot at the time of sowing on November 25, 2013. Days taken to germination, numbers of nodules per plant, fresh weight of nodules per plant, dry weight of nodules per plant, plant height (cm), days taken to first flowering, days taken to pod setting, number of pods per plant, number of grains per pod, fresh weight of 100 grains and yield ha-1 were significantly affected by the application of nitrogen phosphorus and potash. It was worth noting that 20 kg N ha-1, 90 kg P2O5 ha-1 and 60 kg K2O ha-1 yielded good result in number of grain per pod. Peas are highly nutritive and contain high content of digestible protein (7.2 g/100 g), carbohydrate (15.8 g), vitamin-C (9 mg), phosphorus (139 mg) and minerals.

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