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Journal of Agronomy

Year: 2003  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 70 - 76

Evaluation of Onion Crop Production, Management Techniques and Economic Status in Balochistan, Pakistan

Muhammad Faheem Malik, Mohammad Nawaz and Zahid Hafeez

Abstract

A diagnostic survey was conducted to evaluate the importance, methodology of agronomic practices, agronomy irrigation, plant protection activities and economic status of onion (Allium cepa L.) in Balochistan, Pakistan. 180 onion respondents (growers/professionals) were interviewed through a formatted questionnaire at their doorsteps. Survey revealed that the crop plays an important role in the economy of the province and 100% respondents of the region cultivate the crop because of net return. At least 0.49 ha is under onion cultivation by each respondent. Maximum average area under onion cultivation and yield was reported from Kalat division (3.09 ha and 17758 kg ha‾1 respectively). In Kalat and Nasirabad divisions mostly young generation (<35 years) is engaged with agriculture farming. In Quetta and Zhob divisions the farmers are mostly between 36-50 years of age. Sibi and Makran have old farmers (50 years). Mostly Local and Sariab Surkh onion varieties are cultivated by broadcasted method with a range 12-16 kg ha‾1 seed rate. Fertilizer is applied in Kalat, Quetta and Nasirabad only while pesticides in Kalat, Quetta, Nasirabad and Zhob divisions. The crop is provided by 16-30 (minimum to maximum) irrigations. Irrigation water, thrips (Thrips spp.) attack and presence of weeds is the major reported problems of the crop in the province. Hand weeding for the eradication of weeds is used in all divisions. Best cost/benefit ratio (1: 4.49) was calculated from Nasirabad and least (1: 2.60) from Makran division.

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