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Information Technology Journal
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 801 - 810

Machine Learning Approach in Optimizing Negotiation Agents for E-Commerce

S.C. Ng, M.N. Sulaiman and M.H. Selamat    

Abstract: This study discusses the implementation of machine learning approach in negotiation agents that can learn their opponent’s preferences and constraints during one-to-many negotiations. A novel mechanism in learning negotiation is introduced. The genetic-based model of multi-attribute one-to-many negotiation, namely GA Improved-ITA is proposed. The GA Improved-ITA agents first utilize Genetic-Based Machine Learning (GBML) to identify their opponent’s preferable negotiation issues. It is then followed by branch and bound search to search for the best value for each of the issues. The performance of GA Improved-ITA is promising when it is compared with the results of one-to-many negotiations obtained by Bayesian learning model and heuristic search algorithm.

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