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International Journal of Zoological Research
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 90 - 97

Gross Anatomical Studies on Duodenum of one Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

T. Althnaian, K.M. Alkhodair, I.F. Albokhadaim, R.O. Ramdan and A.M. Ali    

Abstract: The main objective of this research was to study the morphological characters of the camel duodenum. The general features of the camel duodenum were studied macroscopically. The camel duodenum was grayish to white in color. It was divided into two parts i.e., ampulla and thin part which form the long part. The thin part was divided into three parts i.e., descending part, caudal duodenal flexure (transverse part) and ascending part. The duodenum began at the pylorus and ended at the beginning of jejunum. Its mucosa was pink to grayish in color with crossed circular and longitudinal fold at the ampulla and longitudinal fold at the thin part. The length of the duodenum ranged between 1.2-3.1 m. In conclusion, the camel duodenum has distinctive morphological characters. The study provided an excellent potential for further physiological studies on camel duodenum under an arid environment.

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