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International Journal of Zoological Research

Year: 2009  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 80 - 85

Fatal Aspergillosis in an Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Predisposed by Pulmonary Haemangioma in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

M.S. Shathele, A. Fadlelmula, F.A. Al-Hizab and M.M. Zaki

Abstract

A laboratory study was carried out to investigate fatal aspergillosis in an ostrich (Struthio camelus) predisposed by pulmonary haemangioma in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The examination of Post Mortem (PM) revealed numerous ulcerated (1x0.5 cm) subcutaneous opaque thick masses with turbid materials (exudates) in the cut section together with fibrosis in between air sacs and the thoracic wall. The microscopic appearance indicated the presence of capillary type haemangioma in ostrich. The proliferating cells were highly differentiated, uniform with spindle-shaped nuclei resembling normal vascular endothelia and were arranged in the form of numerous capillaries distended with large amounts of blood erythrocytes and separated by fibrous stroma. However, large vascular spaces lined by a single layer of endothelium were also observed. The superficial parts of the tumour showed hyperkeratosis of the epidermis and diffuse infiltration of lymphocytes in the interstitial areas. In addition, the fibrous stroma was more abundant and dense with more prominent collagen in the peripheral parts of the tumour. On PM, the tiny yellowish white foci were detected on the lung’s specimens and yielded A. fumigatus in pure culture. The histopathologic examination of the lesions showed fungal hyphae, inflammatory and multinucleate giant cells.

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