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International Journal of Virology
Year: 2006  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 55 - 58

Prevalence of HIV Infection among Healthy and Sick Adults in Maiduguri Nigeria

A.C. Ene, A.A. Gadzama and E.A. Nwankwo    

Abstract: The prevalence of HIV infection was assessed in about 160 people (healthy and sick) in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Three hospitals were used as the study sites. They are the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, chest disease Hospital and TB Hospital all in Maiduguri Nigeria. Medical questionnaires were filled by each of the subjects, before their blood samples were collected. The subjects were divided into four groups i.e., apparently healthy controls (group 1), condition apparently unrelated to HIV disease (group 2), conditions suggestive of early HIV disease (group 3) and conditions indicative of progressive HIV disease (group 4). Forty subjects were allocated to each of the four groups based on the reports from the medical questionnaires. The 160 blood samples (the four groups) were screened for HIV and their results recorded. The percentage HIV infection among the different age groups in the four groups were also recorded. From the results obtained 12.5% of the apparently healthy controls (group 1) were HIV positive, 22.5% of the condition apparently unrelated to HIV disease were positive, 30% of the condition suggestive of early HIV disease were positive and 60% of the condition indicative of progressive HIV disease were also positive. It can be concluded that prevalence of HIV among apparently healthy persons particularly the young, is now very high and some conditions not associated with HIV infection may indeed be the result of HIV infection.

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