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International Journal of Virology
Year: 2006  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 50 - 54

Alternative Weed Hosts of Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus and Beet Soil Borne Virus in North East of Turkey

Yusuf Yanar, N. Dide Kutluk and Semih Erkan    

Abstract: Purpose of this study was to determine the alternative weed hosts of two important viral diseases of sugar beet Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) and Beet soil borne virus (BSBV). In addition to the existing hosts of BNYVV and BSBV, different weed species were collected at production areas of sugar beet in North East of Turkey and both viruses were detected by ELISA. For BNYVV and its vector Polymyxa betae six weed species were determined as an alternative host of BNYVV. The highest absorbance values of ELISA were obtained from Solanum nigrum (0.725). This is the first report of Cichorium intybus, Heliotropium eurapaeum and Plantago major as an alternative host of BNYVV. None of the weed species collected from infested sugar beet fields was infected by BSBV.

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