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International Journal of Tropical Medicine
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 124 - 128

Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance for (Methicillin-Resistance) Staphylococcus aureus

A.M. Saadabi and Ansam H. Mohammed    

Abstract: Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) bacteria is one of the famous widely distributed in the world and source of multiple diseases like cellulites and endocardities in all age groups. In the present study, fifty samples were taken as nasal swabs at time of admission to the hospital. About 44% were positive for Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and 0% were Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). MRSA colonization in males was 10% while in females were 12% which indicate that nasal colonization of MRSA in females is higher than males. MRSA nasal colonization among patients within 0-15 years old was 2%, patients within 16-30 years old was 6%, patients within 31-45 years old was 11%, patients within 46-60 years old was 2% and patients >70 years old was 1%. Sensitivity of the all staphylococcus aureus isolated samples to different antibiotics was studied using kanamycin, erythromycin, methicillin and vancomycin. It was found that all of the S. aureus strains were resistant to methicillin antibiotic (100%) and the rate of sensitivity to other drugs was72% for kanamycin, 9% for erythromycin and 22% for vancomycin. This study confirm that kanamycin is a drug of choice so far for treatment of MRSA although, there is slight resistance.

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