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International Journal of Tropical Medicine
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 7  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 157 - 164

Nutritional Status of Toddlers (1-3 Years) of Rural Area of Niwai Tehsil, Tonk, Rajasthan, India

Gita Bisla, Archana and M. Kapoor    

Abstract: To assess the nutritional status of toddlers of different villages of Niwai tehsil, Dist-Tonk, Rajasthan. Toddler aged 1-3 years were selected through random sampling from villages of Niwai Tehsil, District-Tonk, Rajasthan. Anthropometric measurements were taken according to standard procedures and dietary survey was done through 24 h recall method for 3 consecutive days. Hemoglobin level was measured by cyanomethnoglobin method. Overall, scenario of anthropometric measurements have revealed that according to weight for age, height for age and weight for height 20, 40 and 12% were normal respectively while 42, 43 and 16% were normal according to MUAC, head/chest circumference ratio, tricep’s skin fold thickness. Results of clinical examination shown that sign and symptoms of protein energy malnutrition as flag sign, dull and dry hairs, skin pigmentation, bitot’s spot in the form of vitamin A deficiency were prevalent and dietary intake was less than recommended dietary allowances. About 75% of children were found to be anaemic. The nutritional status of children in rural communities is affected by low family income and behavioral problems. To improve nutritional status of children the full implementation of the poverty alleviation programmes should be considered and appropriate measures need to be taken to support needy families with children. Appropriate measures should be taken by the respective authorities to improve childhood health and nutritional status.

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