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International Journal of Soil Science
Year: 2015  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 16

Integrated Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production in Ethiopia

Belay Yebo    

Abstract: In Ethiopia, Agriculture still constitutes the major part of the country’s economy, yet the agriculture is facing a number of problems. Hence farmers are entangled in a vicious circle of ecological degradation, poverty and starvation. The causes to these rooted problems are the land degradation exhibited in form of soil fertility loss as initiated by different factors as deforestation, overgrazing and with a result of soil erosion, sedimentation, pollution, etc. The intention of this study is to discuss the status of soil fertility in country, the causes to soil fertility loss and find better solutions of soil fertility decline. As the topography of the country is rugged with varying types of soils, particularly the highland where about 90% of the arable land is concentrated, problems such as soil erosion, poor and continuous cultivation are the major causes to soil fertility decline. Therefore, the use of integrated soil fertility management with inclusion and combination of manure, compost, crop rotation, soil conservation practices such as minimum tillage, tied-ridging, residue management and other practices together with chemical fertilizer and improved germplasms gives the better production and keeps the soil fertility status to a better level. The practice being under taken by the Government which is the use of fertilizers in blanket recommendation is not successful as a result of agro-climate, soil and the socio-economic condition of the farmer, resorting to sustainable integrated soil fertility management to get maximum yield without compromising the soil fertility status in the future is wise and need to follow.

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