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International Journal of Soil Science

Year: 2007  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 211 - 217

Soil Wettability Characteristics of a Forested Catena in Relation to Organic Matter Fractions

E.U. Onweremadu and M.A.N. Anikwe

Abstract

This study was conducted from September 2005 and February 2006 to investigate wettability properties of soils on a catena in the humid tropics. A transect technique was used to align pedons on three identifiable forested physiographic positions. Soils were classified as Typic Paleustult/Dystric Nitisols. Soil samples were used to determine Soil Organic Matter (SOM), water [SOM (W)] and sodium pyrophosphate [SOM (PY)] soluble SOM fractions. Hydrophobic (A) and hydrophilic (B) functional groups of bulk soil SOM and soluble fractions were assessed with Fourier-Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Soil wettability increased when Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) contents were less than 14 g kg-1 while it decreased for SOC contents greater than 14 g kg-1. The Contact Angle (CA) of footslope soil was largest at Bt3 horizon but with smallest SOC (1.6 g kg-1) content.

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