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International Journal of Poultry Science
Year: 2020  |  Volume: 19  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 186 - 192

The Effects of Feeding Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Maggot Meal as a Substitute for Fish Meal on Broiler Meat Quality

G.K. Mlaga, K. Agboka, K. Attivi, O. Oke, E. Osseyi, Y. Ameyapoh, A. Teteh, Y. Adjrah, O. Onagbesan and K. Tona    

Abstract: Background and Objective: There has been a search for non-conventional feedstuffs such as maggot meal as a result of scarcity and high cost of fishmeal. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the black soldier fly maggot meal as a protein source on meat quality of broiler chickens. Materials and Methods: A total of 225 broiler chicks (Ross 308) were assigned to five treatment groups of varying dietary inclusion levels of fish and maggot meal; 100% fishmeal and 0% maggot meal (control group) (A0), 75% fishmeal: 25% maggot meal (A25), 50% fishmeal: 50% maggot meal (A50), 25% fishmeal: 75% maggot meal A(75) and 100% maggot meal and 0% fishmeal (A100). At the 57th day, 6 chickens per replicate were randomly selected and slaughtered to evaluate the carcass yield and meat quality. Results: Results showed that there was a reduction of breast water loss in group A100 compared to the other batches (p<0.05). The maggot meal increased the yield and ultimate pH (pHu) of the breast of A100 group (p<0.05). In addition, meat protein levels were also higher in the treated groups than that of the control group (p<0.001). In contrast, thigh yield, abdominal fat and mineral contents were not affected by the dietary inclusion of maggot meal. Conclusion: Broilers fed 100% maggot meal obtained the best meat characteristics. This could be attributed to the high-quality protein contained in the Black Soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) maggot meal. It can be concluded that maggot meal is a non-conventional protein source which can be used as fish meal replacer in broiler diet.

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