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International Journal of Poultry Science
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 487 - 492

Improved Productivity and Health Performances of Broiler Chickens Administered with Jamu Ginger, Curcuma and Turmeric

Andriyanto, Firda Agustin, Dedi Nur Aripin, Pramesti Nugraheni, Gusti Habibi Suryanata, Ridi Arif, Diah Nugrahani Pristihadi, Aulia Andi Mustika and Wasmen Manalu    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Productivity and health performances of broiler chickens can be improved by using medicinal herb. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of administration of Jamu ginger or jahe (Zingiber officinale ), Jamu curcuma or kencur (Kaemferia galanga ) and Jamu turmeric or kunyit (Curcuma domestica ) on the productivity and health performances of broiler chickens. Materials and Methods: One hundred days old chicks of Cobb strain were used in the experiment. The experimental chicks were divided into 4 treatments, (1) Control group i.e., the broiler chicks without administration of Jamu, (2) The broiler chicks administered with Jamu ginger, (3) The broiler chicks administered with Jamu curcuma and (4) The broiler chicks administered with Jamu turmeric. Jamu preparations were administered orally when the experimental broiler reached the age of 8 days. Jamu treatment was administered for 28 days through drinking water at a dose of 1 mL L–1. Data were analyzed by using ANOVA and when the means were significant the data were further tested by using Duncan test. Results: The results showed that the experimental broiler chickens administered with Jamu curcuma and Jamu turmeric had improved feed conversion ratio by 19.52 and 14.76%, respectively, compared to control. The experimental broiler chickens administered with Jamu ginger had higher carcass weight (p<0.05) compared to those administered with Jamu curcuma, Jamu turmeric and control by 5.70, 61.10 and 8.21%, respectively. All experimental broiler chickens administered with Jamu had lower mortality rate compared to control. The administration of Jamu ginger, Jamu curcuma and Jamu turmeric decreased abdominal fat by 10.09, 5.05 and 28.08%, respectively, compared to control. The experimental broiler chickens administered with Jamu ginger, Jamu curcuma and Jamu turmeric had similar number of red blood cells and white blood cells, serum SGPT, SGOT and creatinine concentrations compared to control. Serum concentrations of urea in the experimental broiler chickens administered with Jamu turmeric were lower than the other treatments. Conclusion: It was concluded that the administration of Jamu ginger, Jamu curcuma and Jamu turmeric can be used as feed additives to increase the productivity and health performances of broiler chickens. Jamu ginger, Jamu curcuma and Jamu turmeric have a great potential to be used and developed as herbal preparations to improve the growth and performances of poultry animals.

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