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International Journal of Poultry Science
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 76 - 79

In vitro Suppression of Prolactin During Later Stages of Egg Lay in Domestic Hen (Gallus gallus Domesticus) Anterior Pituitcytes by RNA Interference

I.J. Reddy, Ashish Mishra, S. Mondal and H.N.N. Murthy    

Abstract: Prolactin (PRL) is a peptide hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland. PRL increases as per the age and reproductive cycle of birds from normal physiological levels to extremely higher level there by affecting the ovulation, egg formation, oviposition, egg production and hyperprolactinemia. This is more pronounced and persistent after 72 weeks of age in birds. Hence a study was conducted in anterior pituitary primary cultured cells obtained from 72 and 82 weeks old white leg horn (WLH) hens to knock down the PRL gene expression by siRNA and observing its effects on PRL, PRL mRNA, protein content of PRL, prolactin receptor (PRLR) and Growth Hormone (GH) mRNA to unravel the functional role of PRL at 72 and 82 week age by siRNA for PRL. Three siRNAs were designed as per standard siRNA protocols and studied the suppression of PRL gene expression in primary cultured cells procured from adult chicken anterior pituitary glands in in vitro conditions. Average percentage reduction of PRL in anterior pituitary primary cell culture following siRNA transfection was 82 and 60% at 72 and 82 weeks respectively. Protein content of PRL was significantly (p<0.01) decreased in siRNA transfected cells compared to controls. Growth Hormone (GH) mRNA and PRL receptor (PRLR) mRNA levels did not change significantly (p<0.01) between control and treated cells. Results clearly suggested that the siRNA designed for PRL specifically decreased PRL gene expression in in vitro conditions. Level of PRLR mRNA and GH mRNA levels expression did not follow the similar pattern of PRL gene expression in anterior pituitary cells. It is concluded that, construction of short specific siRNA for PRL significantly decreased PRL, PRL mRNA and protein content of PRL without showing any effect on PRLR and GH between the two age groups of birds. These results may lead to construction of short specific siRNA for stable and chronic suppression of PRL gene expression during embryogenesis before an increase of PRL occurs for long term knock down of PRL in in vivo conditions. In conclusion, understanding of hyperprolactinemia and the involvement of PRL may provide the basis for the development of therapeutic drugs or methods against hyperprolactinemia by RNA interference.

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