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International Journal of Poultry Science

Year: 2012  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 8  |  Page No.: 524 - 528

Assessment of Management and Health Practices in Some Selected Poultry Establishments in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Nusirat Elelu, Z. Jaji, A. Badiru, F. Olowoleni and A.G. Ambali

Abstract

A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out to assess certain management and health practices in some selected poultry establishments in Ilorin, Kwara state with the view to improving poultry production. Structured questionnaires were distributed via the Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN), Kwara state chapter. The mean age of respondents was 47.93(±12.397) years. Majority (60.5%) of the respondents were large holder farmers with greater than 200 birds; Deep litter (48.7%) was the most practiced management system. Almost half 48.5% of the respondents administered all the recommended vaccines. Commercial feed was the most widely used (68.4%). Veterinarian (39.5%) and Retail Vendors (39.5%) were the source of poultry stock. About 35.1% did not use any form of protective clothing on farms. About 36.8% of respondents disposed waste by use as manure. 42.1% of respondents routinely consulted Veterinarian. Coccidiosis reported by about one third (33.3%) of respondent was identified as the most common disease outbreak followed by IBD (24.2%) and NCD (21.2%). Veterinary clinic (35.1%) and fellow farmer (32%) were the most important source of information on poultry. The Chi-square analysis revealed management system (p<0.0001) and number of birds kept (p<0.006) significantly determined the method of waste disposal while age (p<0.0001), Length of being in profession (p<0.03) and Number of birds kept (p<0.0001) determined the reasons for Veterinary consultation. The study gave an overview of the type of management system in Ilorin. Recommendations are therefore made for strengthening of PAN as well as improve biosecurity as a means of disease prevention.

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