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International Journal of Plant Pathology
Year: 2015  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 58 - 64

Evaluation of Seed Borne Mycoflora of Stored Cocoa Beans in South-West, Nigeria

B.A. Ogundeji and D.B. Olufolaji    

Abstract: Healthy and infected stored cocoa beans were obtained from three randomly selected cocoa stores in each of the five cocoa producing states of Oyo, Ondo, Osun, Ekiti and Ogun in South-West, Nigeria. Mycoflora associated with the beans were isolated using three different techniques. A total number of eleven storage moulds: Aspergillus flavus, A. ochraceous, A. versicolor, Rhizopus sp., Pythium sp., Fusarium solani, A. terreus, A. niger, A. fumigatus, Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Penicillium digitatum were isolated from both healthy and infected beans samples. Findings from this study have revealed that while members of the Aspergillus spp. are the dominant storage fungi of cocoa beans in South-West, Nigeria, the direct plating technique can be relied upon for effective microbial isolation. Observation of good agricultural and handling practices is therefore necessary to reduce the storage mould population on the beans and thus limit the risk of contamination.

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