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International Journal of Pharmacology
Year: 2018  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 553 - 558

Aetiology of Diabetes Mellitus and Implications from a Prospective Single Centre Study in Chinese Patients

Yan Liu and Xiaowei Sun    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Diabetes augments the vulnerability of patients to get affected with several other diseases. In the present study, a prospective cross sectional investigation at a tertiary care hospital in Jingzhou, China during February, 2016-October, 2016, evaluating aetiology of diabetes mellitus and its implications was conducted. Materials and Methods: The patients were classified into three classes: (1) Patients with a prior medical history of diabetes, (2) Patients with no specific reasons for diabetes and (3) Patients without diabetes. In this study, a total of 495 patients (321 females and 174 males) were admitted during present study tenure. Among these patients 256 fell into Class I, 65 patients come into Class II and 174 into Class 3. In around 64.8% patients diabetes was main cause for the hospital admissions. Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus or new occurrence of hyperglycemia were substantially elder than patients without diabetic mellitus. Results: The most general causes for hospitalizations in the study were bronchial asthma 51 (10.3%), cerebrovascular disease 75 (15.1%), hyperlipidemia 148 (29.8%) and coronary heart disease 221 (46%). Conclusion: In the current study, it was observed that the common most etiologies for hospitalization were bronchial asthma, cerebrovascular disease, hyperlipidemia and coronary heart disease. In lieu of the findings of the current study suggests that regular check-up must be conducted for diabetic people as it could augment the probability, which may prevent imminent diabetes derived complications, specifically in elderly patients.

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