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International Journal of Pharmacology
Year: 2014  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 275 - 281

Effective Influence of Essential Oils and Microelements against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Wafa`a A. Al-Taisan, Ali H. Bahkali, Abdallah M. Elgorban and Mohamed A. El-Metwally    

Abstract: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a destructive pathogen of several economically important crops, including soybean, pea, bean, canola and sunflower. This pathogen exhibits little host singularity and has a host range that includes more than 400 primarily dicotyledonous plant species. In this study, the inhibitory effects of 5 essential oils and 4 microelements against S. sclerotiorum were examined. Cinnamon, clove and mint oils completely inhibited the in vivo mycelial growth of the fungus at all concentrations. In addition, iron exhibited a marked antimicrobial effect against S. sclerotiorum. A soil application containing cinnamon oil significantly reduced the incidence of disease caused by S. sclerotiorum, producing 75% plant survival compared to the control. Calcium also significantly reduced the disease incidence that giving 80% living plants.

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