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International Journal of Pharmacology
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 200 - 207

Antihyperglycemic, Hypolipidemic and Antioxidant Enzymes Effect of Strobilanthes crispus Juice in Normal and Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Male and Female Rats

N.A. Norfarizan-Hanoon, R. Asmah, M.Y. Rokiah, O. Fauziah and H. Faridah    

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Strobilanthes crispus juice on glucose, lipid profile, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic male and female albino Sprague-Dawley rats. This study was conducted on normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic male and female Sprague-Dawley rats fed with basal diet and S. crispus juice with different doses 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mL k-1 b.wt. for 30 days. The results showed that significant (p<0.05) decrease in serum glucose levels in male and female diabetic and normal rats with treated S. crispus juice (1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mL k-1 b.wt.). Cholesterol and triglyceride level significantly (p<0.05) decreased in diabetic rats treated with 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mL k-1 b.wt. of S. crispus juice. Cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol level showed reduction in treated male and female normal rats. HDL-cholesterol showed the increasing but not significant (p<0.05) difference in treated diabetic and normal male and female rats. Glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities significantly (p<0.05) increased in treated diabetic and normal male and female rats. In conclusion, S. crispus juice possesses antihyperglycemic, hypolipidemic and antioxidant effect in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Thus, S. crispus juice could be the alternative treatment for lowering glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride for diabetic patients in the future.

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