Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
International Journal of Pharmacology
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 102 - 107

The Butanol Extract of Mitragyna ciliata Root: Potential as a Trypanocide

H.A. Ogbunugafor, V.I. Okochi, J. Okpuzor, O.S. Odesanmi and F.J. Ebigwe    

Abstract: Bioassay guided-fractionation of Mitragyna ciliata Aubrev and Pellegr (Rubiaceae) ethanolic root extract at 100 mg kg-1 in T. brucei infected rats indicated that the bioactive constituent reside is present in the butanol fraction (inhibition = 66.61%). In vitro investigation of the extract revealed that it had low (25.55%) antioxidative property. Chemical analysis of the active fraction showed that it consists of alkaloids. The extract`s fraction had no effect on the heamatological profile of treated rats which remained consistent with the major characteristics of trypanosomiasis-anaemia, leucocytopaenia and thrombocytopaenia. Results of the in vivo evaluation of calcium concentration showed a significant difference (p<0.05), between the active butanol fraction (2.53 ± 0.036 mmol L-1) and the untreated/infected (17.79 ± 0.034 mmol L-1). A correlation existed between calcium concentration and parasiteamia in the active fraction (r = 0.40, p = 0.488) and the infected/untreated (r = -0.60, p = 0.29). These observations suggest that the active agent had an effect on the calcium metabolism in the animals which was deleterious to the parasites.

Cited References   |    Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
   
 
 
 
  Related Articles

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility