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International Journal of Food Properties
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 1197 - 1207

Strength and Frictional Properties of Popcorn Kernel as Affected by Moisture Content

Fatih Kalkan, Mazhar Kara, Saim Bastaban and Nihat Turgut    

Abstract: Strength properties and dynamic coefficient of friction of popcorn kernels were evaluated as a function of moisture content in the range of 7.78−16.72 g/100 g dry solids. In order to determine strength properties of the kernels that are in terms of deformation at rupture point, rupture force, energy absorbed, hardness, and toughness of the popcorn kernels were quasi-statically loaded between two parallel plates. To determine frictional properties, friction tests were performed on aluminum, steel, and fiberglass surfaces. The values related to the strength properties, in general, decreased as the moisture content increased. On the other hand, the dynamic coefficient of friction of the popcorn kernels increased with increasing moisture content.

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