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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 13 - 20

TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER IN PLATING INDUSTRY BY CHELATE EXTRACTION METHOD

M. R. Massoudi Nejad, M. Rezazadeh Azary and M. Khatiby    

Abstract: One of the most efficient methods to preserve environment is the procedure and method to achieve effective materials and the dual and reapplication of natural sources. In this research, After carrying out a vast study on the growing spot of Iranian oaks , of the 36 species and subspecies already identified, 10 species and subspecies were selected as they cover a vaster surface of Iranian woods in North Alborz Region, Arsabaran region and the western part of Zagros Mountains. 5 samples were collected of each type form diffrenet spots of the country. The effective and usable substances of oak fruit were extracted and isolated by the four methods of maceration, decoction, perculation and soxhlet tannin in one specie show no significant difference; However the amount of tannin in different species show significant differences in statistical term in such a way that the minimum and maximum tannin was found in Q.Brantii, Belangri with 9.7% tannin and Q.Macrantera, with 3.2 percent tannin. This amount was put in contact with wastewater various from plating industries in 20 to 50 mg/L amount. The mentioned wastewaters contained 50 to 750 mg/L heavy metals (chromium, nickel, zinc, copper and silver). The results were analyzed through a biofactor variance analysis model with repetition in each house (Toki) Results showed that the removal output for zinc, copper, nickel and chromium without considering the initial concentration of the metal were 91 to 95 percent, 71 to 83.5 percent, 59 to 90 percent, and 84 to 85 percent, respectively. Also, with repect to the studies carried out with different methods and comparing the percentage of metals removal it was concluded that the removals output through applying 50 mg/L. hydroxide calcium along with 50 mg/L tannin with 82.3 percent average had the most effects in entire metals.

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