Sero-prevalence of Brucellosis in Milk of Sheep and Goats in Kaduna North Senatorial District of Kaduna State, Nigeria
Most brucellosis related studies in Nigeria is mainly in the cattle population.
Brucellosis in small ruminants may be of greater public health concern in view
of the socio-economic role of small ruminants in Nigeria. This study was carried
out to generate a base-line data of brucellosis in sheep and goats in Kaduna
North Senatorial District of Kaduna State, Nigeria. In this study, 72 and 122
milk samples were collected from apparently healthy sheep and goats, respectively
within the months of April- May. Milk samples were collected from lactating
sheep and goats and subjected to the Milk Ring Test (MRT). From the milk samples
collected 13(18.1%) and 32(26.2%) were positive for Brucella antibodies.
Though the prevalence in goats was higher compared to sheep but this was not
statistically significant (p>0.05). A high prevalence of Brucella
antibodies in the milk of sheep and goats necessitates government intervention
for an effective and holistic control of brucellosis in Nigeria. High risk groups
and the general public should further be enlightened on the health hazards of
the disease and the risk of interspecies transmission of brucellosis.
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