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International Journal of Dairy Science
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 278 - 286

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Healthy Eating among Special Needs Boarding School Students

R. Roszanadia and M.N. Norazmir    

Abstract: Nutrition information is important for everyone in order to get healthy lifestyle and free from any diseases. This study was attempt to determine the effectiveness of the nutrition programme among special needs students aged 13 to 17 years old by evaluating their changes in knowledge, attitude and practice on healthy eating. Eighty students were involved in this study in which 40 students recruited as intervention group were from Sekolah Menengah Pendidikan Khas (visual impaired). Another 40 students were from Sekolah Menengah Pendidikan Khas Vokasional (hearing impaired) were assigned as control group. They were distributed with questionnaires for pre-test and post-test and a nutrition programme was implemented to the intervention group. A significant improvement in students’ nutrition scores among intervention group before (36.30±4.78) and after (36.55±3.34) attending the nutrition education programme (t = -4.03, df = 39, p<0.05). Improvement in attitude scores also seen when intervention group decreased significantly (t = 2.48, df = 39, p<0.05) from 18.55 (±4.17) to 17.03 (±2.79). However, for practice scores in intervention and control group shows no significant changes. For knowledge and attitude scores among control group showed no significant differences. In conclusion, this study showed nutrition education also may help to give positive impact to the special needs students in healthy eating lifestyle.

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