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International Journal of Botany
Year: 2018  |  Volume: 14  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 24 - 29

Antioxidant, Antimicrobial Activities and Phytochemical Constituents of Cichorium intybus L. Aerial Parts

Riyam Sabeeh Jasim    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Cichorium intybus Linn. (C. intybus L.) has been known in traditional medicine since ancient times, therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the phytochemical composition, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial potentiality of aqueous and methanol extracts of aerial parts of C. intybus L. Materials and Methods: Total phenolic, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and saponins were assessed as the Mean±SD of three readings in the extracts of the aerial parts of C. intybus L. The extracts were examined for their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Results: The methanol extract was found to possess a comparatively higher values of total phenolic, flavonoids, alkaloids and tannins than aqueous extract except saponins which seem higher in aqueous than methanol extract. The methanol extract exhibited a relatively high antioxidant activity as it showed comparatively low values of IC50 for 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) inhibition than ascorbic acid (standard) and the aqueous extract. Both extracts were screened for their antimicrobial activity against 11 pathogenic microbial strains and showed significant inhibition zones. The methanol extract showed broader antimicrobial spectrum than the aqueous extract. Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that the aerial parts extracts of C. intybus L. have good phytochemical composition, good antioxidant activity and antimicrobial potentiality.

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